Monitoring Linux Systems and Services using Monit


Monit is a opensource process tool for Linux operating system which helps you to monitor system process using web browser and also when ever requires it automatically do the maintenance or repair of particular process in such a way that it can be brought back online. It can also used for managing and monitoring of programs, files, directories, and devices for timestamps changes, checksum changes, or size changes; not limited to perform various TCP/IP network checks, protocol checks, and can utilize SSL for such checks.

onfigure EPEL repo to download the latest Monit package.

[root@server ~]# rpm -ivh

Install the Monit.

[root@server ~]# yum -y install monit

Start monit by using the following command.

[root@server ~]# monit

Check the monit status.

[root@server ~]# monit status
The Monit daemon 5.6 uptime: 0m
System ''
  status                            Running
  monitoring status                 Monitored
  load average                      [0.14] [0.55] [0.49]
  cpu                               0.0%us 0.0%sy 0.0%wa
  memory usage                      390704 kB [20.8%]
  swap usage                        0 kB [0.0%]
  data collected                    Wed, 23 Jul 2014 16:06:28

Configure Monit:

Monit config file is /etc/monit.conf, by default monit is set to check the services at interval of 1 min, this setting can be altered by changing.

[root@server ~]# vi /etc/monitrc
set daemon  60

Alert cans be configured by.

set mailserver

Alert templates can be found in the configuration file itself.
Logs setting can be changed by using the following file.

[root@server ~]# vi /etc/monit.d/logging
set logfile

Web Interface:

Monit also provides a web interface to monitor and manage the configured services, by default monit listens on 2812 port but it needs to be setup. Open monit configuration file /etc/monit.conf.

[root@server ~]# vi /etc/monit.conf


Look for httpd port 2812, modify the following entries


set httpd port 2812 and
use address localhost  # only accept connection from localhost
allow localhost        # allow localhost to connect to the server and
allow admin:monit      # require user 'admin' with password 'monit'
allow @monit           # allow users of group 'monit' to connect (rw)
allow @users readonly  # allow users of group 'users' to connect readonly


set httpd port 2812
allow admin:monit

From the above settings, monit will listen on 2812; admin user will able to access the web interface from any network.

Reload monit.

[root@server ~]# systemctl restart  monit.service

Auto start Monit on start-up.

[root@server ~]# systemctl enable  monit.service
Access the web interface by using http://your-ip-address:2812, use the username and password mentioned in the previous step. Monit home page will look like this.
CentOS 7 – Monit 5.6 DashBoard

Configuring services for monitoring:

Once the web interface is up, we can start to setup other services that you want to monitor; you can place the configuration files under /etc/monit.d/ directory.

Configure for sshd

[root@server ~]# vi /etc/monit.d/sshdmonitor
check process sshd with pidfile /var/run/
start program  "/usr/bin/systemctl start sshd.service"
stop program  "/usr/bin/systemctl stop sshd.service"
if failed port 22 protocol ssh then restart

Configure for syslog

[root@server ~]# vi /etc/monit.d/syslogmonitor
check process syslogd with pidfile /var/run/
start program = "/usr/bin/systemctl start rsyslog.service"
stop program = "/usr/bin/systemctl stop rsyslog.service"

Once configured, test the monit syntax

[root@server ~]# monit -t
Control file syntax OK

Reload it, to take effect of changes

[root@server ~]# monit reload
Access the web interface, you would find the new services that we configured earlier.

Test the Monitoring:

Now stop the syslog daemon

[root@server ~]# /etc/init.d/rsyslog stop

Wait for 30 second, monit will start the syslog automatically. You can find it in monit log.

[root@server ~]# cat /var/log/monit
[EDT Jul 23 16:28:04] error    : 'syslogd' process is not running
[EDT Jul 23 16:28:04] info     : 'syslogd' trying to restart
[EDT Jul 23 16:28:04] info     : 'syslogd' start: /usr/bin/systemctl
[EDT Jul 23 16:29:04] info     : 'syslogd' process is running with pid 40440

That’s All, We have successfully configured Monit on CentOS

Monit Video Tutorials
(Please right-click to play the video)
Have fun!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *